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Electricity Supply in Remote Areas: How To Maximise The Wattage

by Christine

We live in a time of uncertain power supplies, here in Australia. This is due to the nation’s stubborn resistance to change and vested interests influencing conservative governments. Coal powered energy is outdated, and we should be embracing renewable energy sources, but there are still despicable politicians dancing to the tune of the coal mining industry. They run an outdated scare campaign about the risk of renewables and lazy thinking laps it up in regional areas. Electricity supply in remote areas: How to maximise the wattage remains a pertinent question because of this backward thinking in the bush.

Power Blackouts Have Been Prevalent in Regional Areas

Power blackouts have been prevalent in recent years due to the privatisation of power companies and their bad behaviour in relation to the grid. The politicians promised that privatisation would make energy bills cheaper, but the private sector did not deliver, focusing on their own profits instead. It has been a familiar story all over the globe, as the greed of the corporate sector eclipses any sort of social responsibility. However, you do not want your smoke alarm to be off, ever because house fires do not wait for anyone or anything. Electricity supply in remote areas: How to maximise the wattage is a case by case affair.

Families Rely on Steady Power in the Home

They say that a renovated bathroom with fancy lighting can use too much power but it all depends upon the electrical circuit board and the home’s set up. A good electrician can sort out most problems you may have at home or at your business premises. In this high-tech age, the last thing you want is dodgy power in the home. Families rely on steady power and plenty of plugs in every room in the house. Heaven forbid if your kids cannot connect to the internet or charge their devices in the 21C. You may well find yourself as a parent facing intervention from social services for being a neglectful carer in the home.

It reminds me of the time I took the kids on a holiday to a seaside village and we booked very basic accommodation. I will never live down the incessant complaints I received from my children not being able to access the power needed to run their numerous devices. We live in a time of technological innovation, which is dependent upon reliable and abundant power supplies. Australia needs to get its act together and put down dinosaurs like Tony Abbott and his ilk for ever more.

Regional Dentists & Infectious Diseases

by Christine

The world has seen some pretty ugly days. Pandemics just happen to be on top of that list. Today, we are all battling Coronavirus as well as other viruses like HIV&AIDS. And so the majority of medical practitioners have had to put their personal lives aside to take care of people. A lot has changed, and a lot is yet to change still. But has this interfered in ways how doctors, particularly dentists, go about their businesses? Is there really a distinct difference between how coronavirus and AIDs cases are handled?
Well, the answer is an astounding yes.
Below is a detailed comparison as to how the two cases have changed in an emergency dentist crisis. So read on to find out how.
But before we get into that, let’s get this small bit out of the way:
Both diseases are deadly, no doubt about it. AIDs is a lifetime disease, while Coronavirus is a more short-term illness that can knock you off your feet in a matter of days. Today you might be up and healthy, tomorrow you have a mild cold that could escalate to you being admitted to the ICU. With that said, Coronavirus calls for a more careful approach as it is also transmitted through contact of a sick person or a surface they have touched. While AIDs could take years to make the switch from HIV.

Ask These Questions To Your Orthodontist Before Starting Any Dental Treatment

1.Preparation and use of equipment.
When dentists get aware of this, they take more care of the sterilization of the kits they use. The Coronavirus is a respiratory pathogen, while HIV is an immuno-attacking one. Both can be transmitted through body fluids, including saliva, which is inevitable to get into contact with in a dental session. To block both viruses from moving from one party to another, the equipment used MUST be cleaned and sterilised after each session. Moreso, the dentist, and their assistant being careful not to hold anything after a procedure without them being sterilised. As usual, syringes are used once per patient and disposed of while the reusable dental tools must be disinfected thoroughly. For this, the standard procedure is upheld.
2.Staff uniform
When you are dealing with an AIDs patient, the medical staff will be in the standard uniform as the virus cannot be airborne on any occasion. But when handling a known Coronavirus case, they must be in the full armour of protective gear- masks, gloves, suits, and any other piece of kit. But since you cannot know who is infected with Coronavirus, both parties should be at least wearing a face mask to protect themselves.
3.Personal responsibility
Lastly, both the patient and the medical officers have a significant role to play in both cases-AIDs and Coronavirus. Here, especially in a dental emergency the patient has to answer truthfully to any question asked by the dentist. Concerning AIDs, they must admit having the disease and in Coronavirus, at least telling of their travel history, if any. On Coronavirus, both parties should protect the other by having masks on, hand sanitisers, sneezing in the elbow, among others.
In as much as social distancing is a bit of a myth during a dental session, masks, gloves, and a protective suit can keep the coronavirus pathogens at bay.
To conclude, it is safe to say that both need caution. So much so, make sure you protect yourself so that you can protect others.

South African Agriculture

by Christine
South African Agriculture

South African agriculture mainly consists of grains, corn and sugarcane. They are also known producers of table grapes, wine and citrus. Their wine is slowly being recognised as exporters of wine along with sugar, nuts, apples and pears. Although agriculture is not really their strongest industry. They are mostly self-sufficient when it comes to food. But unlike most countries, South Africa manages to be a top exporter of agricultural products. They do not depend on importing what they need, at least not for food. 
Their primary crop is Maize, their most important produce. It is a staple food along with other food products like biltong, droewors and other South African goodies, they are slowly widening their agricultural reach. Agriculture is an integral sector in South Africa. It opens up opportunities for their rural areas and brings in much needed much needed income. 


South Africa’s largest agricultural sector, though, is livestock farming. Cattle ranching mostly. This is due to the lack of rain, among others that is why more farms are not yielding their usual number of crops and switching to livestock. Most profitable crops would be macadamia nuts followed by fruit trees and berries. Oyster mushrooms and lavender farming can be quite a fragrant choice. Although drought and unwise water use can alter this situation. South African agriculture can take a turn for the worse if this continues.
It’s a good thing that agriculture is not even among the top three industries of South Africa. In fact, South Africa’s best industry with a steady, dependable growth is in the Communications and Information Technology. This is closely followed by manufacturing, tourism and mining and somewhere there would be agriculture. South Africa is the second largest economy in Africa next to Nigeria with its tourism industry placing second in the fastest growing worldwide. Diamond mining is still one South Africa is well-known for. But not just diamonds but also gold, minerals and platinum. This country’s economy although it can slow down a little will not totally halt even with their agriculture shifting from one product to the other. They just need an in depth study of which crops to rotate and they can bounce back.

The Power Of Children’s Health And Healing

by Christine
The Power Of Children’s Health And Healing

The power of children’s health and healing is very significant. It is never too early to teach children about health. Children’s health and teaching children about the power of health and healing that is in their hands is the beginning of their journey to wellness. As children they have limited knowledge of what is good or bad for their health. They naturally gravitate towards sweets and whatever gets advertised on the television. 

It is up to the parents and their equivalent, teachers and carers, to teach the health benefits to their children. Good food, proper hygiene and exercise are the basics for a healthy body. They are also the ones that teach appreciation for what is healthy for their little minds.. But sometimes the day is not quite so long to be able to do all that is required to make sure they have healthy meals, healthy environment.

Keeping the children healthy is of prime importance. They are the future and the way you keep them healthy and occupied. Let them help with meal choices and preparation. Start with breakfast. Whenever possible let them plan one meal a week. Teach them good food choices. Whole grains, fruits and vegetables. Cultivating a garden is a good way to introduce them to how to grow their own food. There is also benefits when gardening with children. The fresh air alone and the bonding with them is worth all the trouble. Start them with snap peas, tomatoes and chili, some basil, sunflowers and mint. These are easy plants to grow and will basically take care of themselves. 

Additionally, once they know that they planted and harvested these themselves, they would be more inclined to eat their fruits and vegetables. Encourage them to drink plenty of water and milk. Screen time should be regulated and absolutely no gadgets for ages 2 and below. Now the most fun and necessary requirement for a healthy child is activity. Be active! Children’s health depends on it. Develop hobbies, be active on sports, join Sydney excursions and incursions, team building activities, workshops and exercise that engage big and small muscle groups. 


A child’s future wellness starts with copying and doing what their guardians tell them to. This way we can guide the child in the proper path towards a healthier life.

Food Crops Link the World

by Christine

A strong case can be made for the argument that it is trade, which has linked the disparate nation states of the world together. It was the desire by the ancients to buy and sell across oceans and seas, with other communities from different ethnic origins, which brought us together. Food crops, especially, link the world, as they are our essential requirements for survival. In the 21C, in places like Asia, development is, often, in conflict with more traditional subsistence economic activities like agriculture.

Development Conflicts in the Third World

Wealthy developers want to establish high grossing activities like mining on land, which has traditionally been employed for farming and growing food crops. The World Bank and IMF, organisations set up to bring the developing world greater prosperity, sometimes find themselves on the opposite side to the wants of the traditional holders of the land. Trickle down neoliberal economics upholds that wealth creation for the rich and overseas corporations will eventually benefit the local inhabitants, despite displacing them and taking away their livelihoods in the short to medium term. They promise things will get better after getting much worse first. Economic development must ride roughshod over traditional customs and culture before it delivers greater economic wealth for the populace.

Economic Development Must Recognise the Value of Traditional Lifestyles

Growing food for the culinary requirements of a community and a nation remain important aspects of statehood in both the developing and developed worlds. Cows and sheep are livestock herds which provide multiple benefits to local populations from both their hides and flesh. Economic development must recognise the value of traditional lifestyles centred around agrarian activities in these communities. It cannot dismantle these cultural building blocks indiscriminately and indifferently. Indigenous people have been farming and growing food crops in this manner for millennia.

We Risk Becoming Soulless Husks

Food crops link the world and they must be respected for this very reason. Technology in the west may be rapidly replacing much of what we built our customs upon in the past, but we risk becoming soulless husks if we lose our talismans. The developing world has much to teach us about the essential nature of humanity. Food brings people together to share and to break bread, wherever you are on the planet. Food farming is an integral industry and we risk much if we lose sight of this as a society.

Horses Of The Caucasus

by Christine
Horses Of The Caucasus
Ekaterina Druz http://www.equine-photo.net/caucasus#15

The Caucasus region and mountain system is the dividing line between Europe and Asia. The northern part of the Great Caucasus in Europe is called Ciscaucasia. And the southern part in Asia is Transcaucasia. The whole Caucasus region with an area of 440,000 square km. is predominantly mountainous. The origin of the domestication of the horses can be traced to the grassland of this Eurasian Steppe. This is the reason why the horses of the Caucasus are the world’s best mountain breed. Early Caucasians use horses for agriculture, transportation and warfare. They believe the horse is a symbol of honour success and generosity.  There are three horses native to the Caucasus region: Karabakh, Kabarda, and the Karachai. The culture of horse breeding takes roots in the difficult mountain terrain of this region.

The Karabakh also known as Karabakhskaya in Russian is the pride of the Caucasus. Experts say that this horse found on the southern part of the region is one of the oldest breeds in Asia. Karabakh is a mountain steppe riding and racing horse. Karabakh horses are performance-tested on the racecourse. Horses with this bloodline are favourite in bookmaker bets.  Karabakh horses are brave, they were involved on the frontlines of the battles. During World War 1 Caucasian warriors were fighting on these horses. These horses are not afraid of bullets and would run towards artillery redoubts.

Karabakh is the national animal of Azerbaijan and the official symbol of Agdam and Shaki region. The breed is known for its good temper, endurance and speed. The distinctive feature of this horse is its golden colour. They are mainly golden-redheaded and bay horses. There were almost no blacks or grays among them. The Karabakh influenced the development of the Russian Don horse. The golden colour of the Don horses is attributed to this breed.

The Kabarda or Kabardin horse is native to the Northern Caucasus. The early mountain tribesmen of the region breed the native Kabardin. This horse is the product of natural selection for centuries for its ability to survive harsh conditions. The Kabarda is the world’s best mountain horse. The supremacy of Kabarda is more apparent on higher altitude. This “extreme breed of horse” can live under extreme weather condition. It has developed the characteristics suited for difficult mountain terrain and harsh climate. This warm-blooded equine combines the agility of the hot-blooded horse with the milder temperament of cold-blooded breeds.

There are three main subtypes of Kabarda:
Basic type is the typical mountain horse for riding. This is predominantly rangy but well-muscled.
Massive type is the bigger horse with more robust bone structure which is similar to a typical carriage horse.
Oriental type is smaller with more Arabian influence. It has a smaller head, clean legs, thinner skin and hotter temperament.

Kabarda is generally healthy with no known breed-specific health issues.  They are also multi-talented, the can perform various task well. They can do endurance riding, general riding and agricultural work. Crossing a Kabarda with an Anglo-Arabian will give you Anglo-Kabardas. This breed perfectly combines the advantages of the two breeds. Anglo-Kabarda is noted for their high speed, vigour and strong constitution.

The Karachai horse also called Karatschaever, Karatschaewsker & Karachaier is a breed that comes from the breeds of the northern Caucasus. This breed was developed at the start of this last millennium. The Karachai comes from the combination of southern, steppe and eastern horses that is very similar to the Kabarda breed. It differed from Kabarda in having a more elongated and massive body with less expression of saddle type. It has an elegant head with curved ears, and a wavy mane and tail. The prevailing colours of Karachai are black and dark brown. The Karachai horses are typically used for riding, equestrian gaming, transportation and tourism. The first studbook for this breed was created in 1935.


Looking After the Labourers on the Land

by Christine
Looking After the Labourers on the Land

Just recently, there were reports that Punjabi farmers have found greener pastures in Georgia, a relatively small country in the Caucasus region. Due to cheaper farm leases, ideal climate for crops and rich soil, farm labourers in India have crossed the region looking for new farms to tend and crops to grow.

For many years, parts of Caucasus are embroiled in conflicts and violence. Despite the frictions in the region, the agricultural industry somehow thrived in Caucasus. In fact, one of the world’s first farmers came from the ancient inhabitants in communities that settled in the area. This does not come as a surprise since more than half of the total land mass in the Caucasus ecoregion are being used in agriculture. Among the major crops harvested in the area are fodder, tea and tobacco.

Farm workers in the region are lauded for being hardworking and resilient. But despite their diligence, their needs are often overlooked. One of which is their sexual needs. Good thing that there are brothels in the Caucasus that can bring about the farmers’ sexual desires.

Health services for farm workers in the region also seemed to be inadequate. As the number of young farm workers in the region increases, the need for proper health care also shoots up. Sadly, not everyone can afford the heath care they desperately yearn for. Farming, in general, constitutes mostly of physical labour that is associated with extreme physical and health risks. In a world where the significance of adept workers with benefits is recognised, why are farmers not given the same merits and assistance?

Support to local farmers is also limited. Due to climate change, productivity in the Caucasus is low compared with other agricultural regions in the world. What the farmers need are programs and assistance from their government as well as support from international research communities that are focused on improving agricultural yield. Plants that can grow even on winter and crops that are tolerant to salinisation and pests will also help in boosting the productive capacity of agricultural systems in the region. The growth potential of agricultural lands in the Caucasus will only go to waste if these needs will not be met.

Rural Finance in The Caucasus: 12 Quality Suppliers

by Christine
Rural Finance in The Caucasus: 12 Quality Suppliers
  1. FINCA

A leader in the international Microfinance Institution, FINCA offers financial services and products to small scale businesses in an effort to help these businesses start to grow, and diversify with resulting increases in family income, nutrition, employment and well-being.


Broad-based economic growth and poverty alleviation is what ACDI/VOCA is dedicated on accomplishing. They make use of innovative application of sound business practice as they strive to promote economic opportunities for cooperatives, enterprises, as well as communities.

  1. IFC

IFC has the backings of the largest global development institution, the World Bank Group that is focused exclusively on the private sector in developing countries. They aid and assist their partners in overcoming operational and political challenges by putting their financial resources, technical expertise, global experience, and innovative thinking into practice.

  1. Farm Credit Armenia

Made and was founded by farmers and for the farmers, Farm Credit is known to be the only financial institution in Armenia based on international cooperative principles which essentially differentiate the organization from others existing in the market.

  1. USDA

The team at USDA Rural Development is committed in helping improve the economy and quality of life in rural America. They offer a variety of services which includes rural finance loans, grants and loan guarantees to support essential services. This in turn allows their clients to pursue housing, economic development, health care, first responder services and equipment, water, electric and communications infrastructure and the likes.

  1. Oiko Credit

A worldwide cooperative and social investor Oikocredit is able to provide the much needed funding to the microfinance sector, fair trade organizations, cooperatives and small to medium enterprises.

  1. CAIConsulting

Central Asia International Consulting is a leading Central Asian consultancy company that has expanded their services across Central Asia providing an excellent understanding of their local business climate, governmental institutions, educational establishments, ecology, local and regional economy, and political environment.

  1. EBRD

With its agricultural financing facility, the folks at European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) are tackling rural poverty in Tajikistan. As a result, small farmers are able to diversify production and improve profitability with the help of EBRD funding.

  1. KFW

KFW Development Bank was able to help to reduce poverty and to protect the climate and the environment with its experience in developmental policy.

  1. OFID

OFID helps stimulate economic growth and alleviate poverty in all disadvantaged regions of the world with them cooperating with developing country partners as well as the international donor community.

  1. GFA Consulting Group

GFA Consulting Group proved to provide providing effective solutions to the challenges in the global consulting market with its sound track record. This led to company’s international recognition and is incorporated in a set of values which focuses on performance, innovation, credibility and quality.

  1. IFAD

A strong partnership with the Government of Armenia is what IFAD has established over the years. This in turn led to the successful expansion of the Agricultural Cooperative Bank of Armenia (ACBA) with the ongoing partnership between IFAD and Armenia’s Ministry of Finance that resulted to a wide range of financial services in rural areas.

Women’s Health in Rural Communities of The Caucasus

by Christine
Women’s Health in Rural Communities of The Caucasus

Rural communities in the Caucasus are not free from health problems. Women in general are more prone in developing a variety of health problems compared to men. What is the overall status of women’s health in rural communities and what are the actions that need to be done in order to help improve them?

It should be noted that health care is less accessible in most rural communities found today. As a result, rural women suffer poorer health outcomes when compared to urban women. The reason behind this is due to the fact that health care providers are very much limited in rural areas and as such, women in rural communities find it time consuming and troublesome to pursue proper health care.

Caucasus is rich in history and culture with that being said, due to its geographical location, access to health care for rural residents can be a bit complicated. As such, most rural residents in Caucasus are often lacking in the health insurance aspect. In addition, in order to receive the much needed care and assistance, they are required to travel longer distances just to access a variety of medical, dental as well as mental health specialty services.

Among the limited health services in rural communities include obstetric as well as gynecologic. The same can also be said with regards to family planning having little to no to access with regards to contraception. In a perfect world, residents will be able to have complete access to primary care, dental, behavioral health, emergency, and public health services and have them within their reach in a timely and convenient manner. However, such is not the case particularly in Caucasus.

As mentioned earlier, people in living in rural areas will need to travel long distances just to have access to healthcare services. Many find this to be quite a burden especially with regards to both their time and resources. Furthermore, one hurdle that they need to overcome is access to a reliable transportation.

Rural areas don’t have the pleasantry to provide public transit for patients just to get to medical appointments. As such, it is quite a struggle reaching your appointments and schedule on time. In addition, elderly residents living in rural communities who have chronic conditions will require visits to outpatient healthcare facilities on a repeated basis. As a result, they may need to find a reliable means of transportation and sometimes are left with no other option but to move out of their community and find temporary refuge in the city.

Health literacy plays a very integral part in improving the quality of life in rural communities of the Caucasus. It is important to help women understand basic health information which includes managing a chronic illness, or taking medication properly. Literacy programs go a long way in helping rural communities be up to date with the latest innovation and trends in the health industry and people are encourage to support such endeavors to keep them going.

Farmers in Debt: Driven Off The Land

by Christine
Farmers in Debt: Driven Off The Land

Whether you believe in climate change or not, one thing is certain: farmers are constantly at the mercy of the elements and extremes of weather. Too hot or too cold environmental temperatures can seriously damage the viability of seasonal crops. This leaves a lot of farmers in a precarious legal position and end up with a lot of debt.

Reasons Why Farmers Incur Debt

In the U.S., debts incurred by farmers can seriously affect not only the agricultural industry, but also the country’s economy. But why do farmers get racked up in huge debts?

One reason cited by the Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City is that crop growers expend their wealth rather than their revenues in funding their agricultural endeavours. This can lead to accumulation of debts, bankruptcy or worse, being driven off their land. Most farmers use their lands as collateral when applying for farm loans. If their ventures fail, they will be in serious debts. The threat of ever-increasing loan rates adds up to the burden of crop growers.

While in the United Kingdom, dairy farmers start to exit the industry as their arrears climb to critical levels. Over the years, the rise and fall of the wholesale price of milk forced a lot of dairy farms to operate at a loss. With the increase in operation costs, debts continue to stack up.

In India, severe drought affects the country’s yield of cotton, rice, etc. As a response, the government increased their budget on irrigation and crop insurance; however, these measures have little effect on the farmers’ plight. They still owe banks and moneylenders huge sums. Indian farmers use their loaned monies in procuring seeds and fertilisers. But because of erratic weather conditions and minimal crop harvest, they accumulate debts. Most farmers who cannot overturn their situation end up hanging themselves.

Farm debts in Australia have swelled by 75 percent in just a decade. In 2004, debts were recorded at A$40.4 billion. After ten years, it grew to A$70 billion. When venturing for new machineries, technologies or farm expansion, crop growers rely on debts as their fund resource. But because of high equity levels, debts are becoming a severe problem. For instance, the value of agricultural lands climb but the ratio of debt to equity remains the same.

If and when you incur debt, there are debt collection agencies in Australia that will manage your arrears and get you out of trouble.