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Revolutionizing Root Canals: The Latest in 2024 Treatment Techniques

by Christine
Revolutionizing Root Canals: The Latest in 2024 Treatment Techniques

Root canal treatments have long been associated with fear and discomfort in the realm of dentistry. However, advancements in technology and techniques have transformed this once dreaded procedure into a more comfortable and efficient experience for patients. In 2024, the landscape of root canal treatment has evolved significantly, with innovative methods paving the way for enhanced outcomes and patient satisfaction. This article explores the latest trends and techniques revolutionizing root canals, highlighting the advancements that are reshaping the field.

The Evolution of Root Canal Treatment

Root canal treatment, also known as endodontic therapy, is a dental procedure performed to treat infection or damage within the pulp of a tooth. Traditionally, this process involved removing the infected or damaged tissue, cleaning the root canal space, and filling it to prevent further infection. While effective, traditional root canal procedures were often associated with discomfort and required multiple visits to the dentist.

However, the landscape of root canal treatment has undergone a significant transformation in recent years, driven by advancements in technology and techniques. Today, patients undergoing root canal treatment can expect a more streamlined and comfortable experience, thanks to innovations that have revolutionized the way these procedures are performed.

Key Innovations in Root Canal Treatment

One of the most significant advancements in root canal treatment is the adoption of rotary instruments and electronic apex locators. Rotary instruments, such as nickel-titanium files, allow dentists to more efficiently and effectively clean and shape the root canal space, reducing the time required for the procedure. Electronic apex locators aid in determining the precise length of the root canal, ensuring thorough cleaning and accurate filling.

Additionally, the integration of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) technology has transformed the diagnostic process for root canal treatment. CBCT imaging provides detailed 3D images of the tooth and surrounding structures, allowing dentists to identify pathology with greater precision and develop more targeted treatment plans. This improved imaging technology enhances the success rates of root canal procedures while minimizing the risk of complications.

Minimally Invasive Techniques

Minimally invasive techniques have also gained prominence in the field of root canal treatment, allowing for faster recovery times and reduced discomfort for patients. One such technique is the use of laser technology to disinfect the root canal system effectively. Lasers can target bacteria and debris within the root canal without damaging surrounding tissues, resulting in a more thorough and efficient cleaning process.

Another minimally invasive approach gaining traction is regenerative endodontics, which aims to restore the vitality of damaged teeth by promoting the growth of new tissue. This technique utilizes bioactive materials and growth factors to stimulate the regeneration of pulp tissue, potentially eliminating the need for traditional root canal therapy in some cases.

Patient-Centric Care

In addition to technological advancements, a shift towards patient-centric care has also influenced the way root canal treatments are delivered. Dentists are increasingly focused on providing personalized experiences that prioritize patient comfort and convenience. This includes offering sedation options to alleviate anxiety and pain during the procedure and utilizing digital communication platforms to keep patients informed and engaged throughout their treatment journey.

Furthermore, advancements in materials and techniques have led to the development of aesthetic restorative options for teeth following root canal therapy. Tooth-colored fillings and ceramic crowns blend seamlessly with natural teeth, providing both functional and cosmetic benefits for patients seeking root canal treatment.

Market Leaders and the Future of Root Canal Treatment

As the demand for advanced root canal treatments continues to grow, market leaders in the dental industry are driving innovation to meet the evolving needs of patients and practitioners alike. Companies specializing in endodontic equipment and materials are investing in research and development to bring cutting-edge technologies to market, with a focus on improving outcomes and enhancing the patient experience.

Looking ahead, the future of root canal treatment holds even greater promise, with ongoing advancements poised to further revolutionize the field. From the continued refinement of minimally invasive techniques to the integration of artificial intelligence and robotics, the possibilities for innovation in endodontics are endless.

In conclusion, the landscape of root canal treatment has been transformed by technological advancements and a commitment to patient-centric care. With innovative techniques and materials reshaping the way root canal procedures are performed, patients can now undergo treatment with greater comfort, efficiency, and confidence than ever before. As market leaders continue to push the boundaries of innovation, the future of root canal treatment looks brighter than ever.

The Impact of Climate Change on Oral Health

by Christine
The Impact of Climate Change on Oral Health
Woman Mouth And Broken Tongue With Cracks

Climate change is a pressing global issue with far-reaching consequences, affecting ecosystems, weather patterns, and human health. While the direct impacts of climate change on physical health are well-documented, the effects on oral health are often overlooked. This article explores the intricate relationship between climate change and oral health, shedding light on how environmental shifts can significantly influence dental well-being.

Water Scarcity and Oral Hygiene

One of the primary consequences of climate change is the alteration of precipitation patterns, leading to water scarcity in many regions. Limited access to clean water poses a serious threat to oral hygiene, as water is essential for maintaining proper dental health. Insufficient water supply hampers daily oral care practices such as brushing and flossing, increasing the risk of dental issues such as cavities, gum disease, and bad breath.

Rising Temperatures and Oral Health Challenges

Increasing global temperatures contribute to a rise in the prevalence of certain oral health issues. Higher temperatures can lead to dehydration, reducing saliva production. Saliva plays a crucial role in neutralizing acids, remineralizing teeth, and preventing bacterial growth in the mouth. Reduced saliva flow increases the likelihood of cavities, as well as other conditions like dry mouth and oral discomfort.

Extreme Weather Events and Dental Emergencies

The frequency and intensity of extreme weather events, such as hurricanes, floods, and wildfires, are on the rise due to climate change. These events can disrupt access to dental care, leading to a surge in dental emergencies. Displacement, damage to infrastructure, and compromised healthcare services during such events can result in delayed or inadequate treatment for oral health issues, exacerbating the overall impact on affected populations.

Rising Sea Levels Will Force Community Relocation

It seems a long way off that rising sea levels may affect dentists in seaside towns but how far ahead is it really? Many business owners located near to the ocean are already discussing the implications with safety management officers and also with their shareholders – companies that are planning ahead are already preferring factories and offices on higher ground.

Vector-Borne Diseases and Oral Health

Climate change influences the distribution and behavior of vectors like mosquitoes and ticks, expanding the geographical range of diseases such as Zika virus and Lyme disease. While these diseases primarily affect systemic health, they can also have oral manifestations. Understanding the link between vector-borne diseases and oral health is crucial for comprehensive healthcare strategies in regions susceptible to climate-induced changes in vector habitats.

Impact of Air Pollution on Oral Health

Climate change is closely tied to increased air pollution, which has detrimental effects on both general and oral health. Particulate matter and pollutants in the air can contribute to respiratory issues and aggravate existing oral health conditions. Individuals with conditions such as asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) may experience worsened oral health outcomes in polluted environments.

Food Security and Nutritional Impact on Oral Health
Changes in climate patterns affect agricultural productivity, leading to shifts in food availability and nutritional content. Poor nutrition can compromise oral health, as essential vitamins and minerals are necessary for maintaining healthy teeth and gums. Limited access to a diverse and nutritious diet can contribute to the development of oral health issues, including tooth decay and gum disease.

Community Vulnerability and Oral Health Disparities

Climate change exacerbates existing social and economic disparities, leaving vulnerable communities at a higher risk of oral health issues. Limited access to resources, healthcare facilities, and education about oral hygiene can create a cycle of poor dental health within marginalised populations. Addressing climate change and its associated impacts is crucial for promoting health equity and reducing oral health disparities. It makes sense that sustainable or eco-friendly dentistry should play its part in helping stem environmental degradation now and in the next century.

Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies

To mitigate the impact of climate change on oral health, a multifaceted approach is necessary. Implementing water conservation measures, improving access to clean water, and developing sustainable oral hygiene practices are essential steps. Additionally, adapting healthcare systems to withstand the challenges posed by extreme weather events and addressing the social determinants of health can contribute to a more resilient oral health infrastructure.

Scientists are Worried, Dentists are Worried

As climate change continues to reshape our planet, the implications for human health, including oral health, cannot be ignored. Understanding the intricate connections between environmental shifts and dental well-being is crucial for developing effective public health strategies. By addressing the challenges posed by climate change, we can work towards ensuring that everyone has access to adequate resources and healthcare services to maintain optimal oral health in a changing world.

Dental Health Inequalities among Indigenous People

by Christine
Dental Health Inequalities among Indigenous People

From a young age, we are taught to take care of our teeth and gums. But for Indigenous peoples in Australia and New Zealand, this basic necessity is often out of reach due to systemic inequalities. The lack of access to dental health services disproportionately affects Indigenous people, as it is one of the most common unmet healthcare needs among them. This blog post will discuss the current state of dental health inequalities among Indigenous people in Australia and New Zealand, including the causes and consequences. We will also explore some potential solutions that have been proposed to help close the gap.

The Problem of Dental Health Inequalities among Indigenous People

There is a significant problem with dental health inequalities among indigenous people. While the overall health of indigenous people has improved in recent years, there remains a large gap between the health of indigenous people and that of the general population. This is particularly evident in the area of dental health, where indigenous people have much higher rates of tooth decay and gum disease than the general population.

The causes of this problem are complex and multi-faceted. Poor oral hygiene is a major contributing factor, as is a lack of access to dental care. Indigenous people are also more likely to smoke cigarettes and consume sugary drinks, which can contribute to poor oral health. In addition, many indigenous communities live in remote areas with limited access to dental services which is why oral health is often neglected by them.

The problem of dental health inequalities among indigenous people is one that needs to be addressed urgently. There are a number of initiatives underway to improve access to dental care for indigenous communities, but more needs to be done to close the gap between the oral health of indigenous people and that of the general population.

The Causes of Dental Health Inequalities among Indigenous People

There are many social and economic factors that contribute to dental health inequalities among indigenous people. Poor oral health is more common among indigenous people living in poverty, as they often lack access to adequate dental care and have less knowledge about proper oral hygiene. Additionally, indigenous people are more likely to smoke tobacco, which increases their risk for tooth decay and other oral health problems.

Indigenous people also experience higher rates of diabetes and other chronic diseases, which can lead to gum disease and other dental problems. In addition, many indigenous communities do not have access to clean water, which can lead to tooth decay and other oral health issues. Lastly, racism and discrimination can also play a role in dental health disparities among indigenous people, as they may face barriers to receiving quality dental care.

The Consequences of Dental Health Inequalities among Indigenous People

There is a significant disparity in dental health between Indigenous and non-Indigenous people in Australia. Indigenous people are more likely to experience tooth decay, gum disease and other oral health problems. This is due to a number of factors, including poor access to dental care, poor oral hygiene practices and a high consumption of sugary drinks.

The consequences of these dental health inequalities can be serious. Indigenous people are more likely to experience pain and infection, and to miss school or work due to dental problems. They are also at increased risk of developing diabetes and heart disease.

Improving the dental health of Indigenous people is essential for closing the gap in health outcomes between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians . It is also important for improving the quality of life for Indigenous people as dentistry is a highly multi-racial industry, populated by staff such as Dr Elly Huang and her team.

What Can Be Done to Address Dental Health Inequalities among Indigenous People?

There are many ways to address dental health inequalities among indigenous people. One way is to increase access to dental care. This can be done by increasing the number of dental clinics in indigenous communities, as well as increasing the number of dentists who are willing to work in these communities. Another way to address this issue is to provide more education on proper oral hygiene practices. This can be done through school-based programs or community-based programs. Finally, it is important to increase awareness of the importance of dental health among indigenous people. This can be done through media campaigns, community outreach, and educational materials.


It is evident that Indigenous people are at a disadvantage when it comes to dental health. Not only do they lack access to the same resources as other populations, but their culture and beliefs can also make them less likely to seek out preventative care or even visit a dentist. The key going forward is addressing the unique needs of these communities and finding solutions that acknowledge their diverse backgrounds while providing quality oral healthcare for all individuals regardless of race or economic status.

Agribusiness Is Alive And Well In Port Macquarie

by Christine
Agribusiness Is Alive And Well In Port Macquarie

Despite the challenges faced by farmers in recent years, agribusiness is still going strong in the regional city of Port Macquarie. In fact, the city’s agricultural sector has been one of the few bright spots in an otherwise struggling economy.

Read on to find out more about the state of agribusiness in Port Macquarie, and what the future holds for the city’s farmers.

The History of Agribusiness in Port Macquarie

Agribusiness has a long and proud history in Port Macquarie. The town was founded as a penal colony in 1821, and agriculture was an important part of the local economy from the very beginning. The first crops grown in the area were maize, wheat, and vegetables, which were all essential to the survival of the colony.

In the early years, agricultural production was focused on feeding the local population. However, as the colony began to grow and more settlers arrived, there was an increasing demand for farm products that could be exported back to England. This led to a boom in the agribusiness sector, and by the mid-19th century, Port Macquarie was one of the largest producers of wheat in Australia.

Today, agribusiness is still an important part of the Port Macquarie economy. The region is known for its high-quality beef and dairy products, as well as its fresh fruits and vegetables. Agribusiness is also a major employer in the area, with many local residents working in the industry.

If you’re interested in learning more about the history of agribusiness in Port Macquarie, be sure to check out

The Different Types of Agribusinesses in Port Macquarie

There are many different types of agribusinesses in Port Macquarie. These businesses range from small family farms to large commercial operations. Here is a look at the different types of agribusinesses in Port Macquarie:

Family Farms: Family farms are the backbone of the agricultural industry in Port Macquarie. These farms are typically small to medium sized operations that are run by family members. Many family farms have been in operation for generations and have a strong connection to the community. Some of these farms are open to the public with Ricardoes Tomatoes & Strawberries gaining iconic status in the region.

Commercial Farms: Commercial farms are larger operations that focus on producing crops or livestock for sale. These farms often use advanced technology and mechanization to increase production. Commercial farms can be found all over Port Macquarie and play a vital role in the local economy.

Aquaculture: Aquaculture is the farming of fish, shellfish, and other aquatic animals. This type of agriculture is growing in popularity due to the increasing demand for seafood. Aquaculture operations can be found along the coast of Port Macquarie and provide fresh seafood to the local community.

Agricultural Services: Agricultural services businesses provide support to the agricultural industry. These businesses can include everything from crop consulting to livestock

The Pros and Cons of Agribusiness in Port Macquarie

Agribusiness is a booming industry in Port Macquarie, with many farmers and food producers finding success in the region. However, there are also some drawbacks to agribusiness that should be considered before setting up shop. Here are some pros and cons of agribusiness in Port Macquarie:


– There is a lot of demand for local produce, with many residents and businesses looking to support the agricultural industry.

– The climate is well suited to growing a wide variety of crops and raising livestock.

– There is a strong infrastructure in place to support agribusiness, with good access to markets and transport.


– There is competition from larger businesses who can undercut smaller operators on price.

– Regulations around agricultural production can be stringent, making it difficult to meet all the requirements.

– The industry can be seasonal, so businesses need to be prepared for lean times.

Why Agribusiness is Important to the Local Economy

Agriculture is a vital part of the Port Macquarie economy, contributing millions of dollars each year. The city is home to a large number of agribusinesses, including farmers, processors, and retailers.

The agricultural sector provides employment for many residents, and the products produced here are exported all over the world. Agribusinesses are an important part of the city’s economy, and they play a vital role in ensuring that Port Macquarie remains a prosperous place to live. In fact, the industry is just as important as having doctors and dentists in your area.

The Future of Agribusiness in Port Macquarie

As the world becomes increasingly urbanized, the role of agribusinesses in providing fresh, healthy food becomes more important than ever. And Port Macquarie is poised to become a major player in this industry.

The region has a long history of agriculture, dating back to the early days of European settlement. Today, there are more than 1,200 farms in the Port Macquarie area, producing a wide variety of crops and livestock.

And the future looks bright for the sector. The NSW government has earmarked Port Macquarie as a key growth area for agriculture, and is investing heavily in infrastructure and research.

This is good news for the many businesses that make up the Port Macquarie agribusiness sector. From farmers to food processors, there are plenty of opportunities for businesses to grow and thrive in this vibrant industry.


Port Macquarie is a thriving agribusiness hub, and it’s only getting bigger and better. With a strong focus on supporting local growers and producers, Port Macquarie is the perfect place to do business in the agricultural sector. It’s one of the key regions of the northern rivers and mid north coast. If you’re looking for an opportunity to get involved in agribusiness, whether as a grower, producer, or retailer, Port Macquarie is the place to be.

Indigenous Caucasus Dentists Can Immigrate to Australia & The United Kingdom

Indigenous Caucasus Dentists Can Immigrate to Australia & The United Kingdom

The Caucasus is famous for many things – and Borat is not one of them. But now a new type of export is gaining momentum – medical labour. Nurses and doctors are going to Dubai and the Arab Emirates, whereas dentists and orthodontists are going to Australia and the United Kingdom.

As an early perspective, the following export product groups represent the highest dollar value in Ukrainian global shipments during 2020, at the 2-digit HTS code level. Also shown is the percentage share each export category represents in terms of overall exports from Ukraine.

Cereals: US$9.4 billion (19.1% of total exports)
Iron, steel: $7.7 billion (15.6%)
Animal/vegetable fats, oils, waxes: $5.8 billion (11.7%)
Ores, slag, ash: $4.4 billion (9%)
Electrical machinery, equipment: $2.5 billion (5.2%)
Machinery including computers: $1.9 billion (3.9%)
Oil seeds: $1.8 billion (3.7%)
Food industry waste, animal fodder: $1.6 billion (3.2%)
Wood: $1.4 billion (2.9%)
Articles of iron or steel: $877.8 million (1.8%)

Caucasus dentists have been studying hard and universities and places of education throughout the Caucasus region have been almost industrial in their churning out of highly professional and qualified medical staff. While they represent a tiny percentage Caucasus dentists are making us proud.

We here at Agrowebcac always have the big picture of the entire region. After all the Caucasus is one of the most linguistically and culturally diverse regions on Earth. The nation states that comprise the Caucasus today are the post-Soviet states Georgia (including Adjara and Abkhazia), Azerbaijan (including Nakhchivan), Armenia, and the Russian Federation.

We see it wider though. We see the Ukraine as one of us and Romania, and all of Russia. We even would like to have the people and land of Turkey if they were not so stubborn and caught up in their own identity, which is totally divided and why they have the military dictatorship of Erdogan.

Indeed, recently Italy’s Prime Minister Mario Draghi called Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan a “dictator” and criticised him for relegating European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen to a sofa during an official visit on Tuesday.

“I felt very sorry for the humiliation that European Commission President von der Leyen had to undergo,” Draghi said during a press conference after this event.

During the official visit in Ankara, Erdoğan offered European Council President Charles Michel a chair next to him, leaving a visibly irritated von der Leyen to sit on a nearby couch — an incident that has since gone viral online and been dubbed Sofagate.

One thing about Caucasus dentists is they’re a hardy bunch. And it’s a fact that delivering root canal therapy requires a tough dentist – one who is not afraid by the sight of blood or the sound of a patient screaming. Not that this happens in the Western countries as they’re all properly sedated via sleep therapy. The same could not always be said of our village dentists who would use unorthodox methods when insufficient anaesthesia was available. Part of the folklore of the Caucasus is such village practitioners, great for a laugh over home-made schnapps.

Of course Caucasus dentists and would-be dentists, you may have some questions of your future dentist employer and so the internet is the best way to contact a range of Australian or UK dentists and see how they respond. Or if you’re shy and introverted just check out their frequently asked questions page.

As an interesting twist, you may also decided to seek out other indigenous peoples who are into dentistry and orthodontics. For example there are a growing number of indigenous dentists in Australia and one of them, Dr Chris Bourke is known as Australia’s first Aboriginal dentist.

Dr Chris Bourke served in the ACT Legislative Assembly from 2011-2016 and held many Ministerial portfolios including Education, Children & Young People, Aboriginal & Torres Strait Islander Affairs, Disability, Corrections, Industrial Relation, Small Business, Arts, Veterans Affairs and Seniors.

Chris is a graduate of The University of Melbourne and the first Indigenous Australian dentist. He holds postgraduate qualifications in Public Health and Implant Dentistry and is currently completing a Master of Business Administration at the University of Canberra.

After an extensive career in public dentistry Chris moved to Canberra in 1993 where he ran a successful private dental practice for 16 years. His strong focus on community health led him to provide his clinical skills pro bono and policy making skills in many political and professional arenas.

As Strategic Programs Director with the Australian Healthcare and Hospitals Association, Chris continues to advocate for improved access to culturally safe health care, including dental health, as well as for growth in the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health workforce. Chris says “oral health is fundamental to overall health, wellbeing and quality of life. A healthy mouth enables people to eat, speak and socialise without pain, discomfort or embarrassment”.

To coincide with dental health week, the Indigenous Dentists Association Australia have worked with the Australian Dental Association to produce some Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander relevant oral health promotion material.

We can learn a lot from what other countries are doing to advance the interests of their indigenous people.


Australian Outback vs. Siberian Wilderness: Which Is Tougher To Tour?

by Christine
Australian Outback vs. Siberian Wilderness: Which Is Tougher To Tour?
A 4WD car negotiating a rural track in the outback near Mt Surprise, Queensland, Australia

It seems such a macho question doesn’t it? Like how tough does your toughness have to be to tough it out in the toughest of tough environments; and is that environment really the toughest of all?

Tough question.

Tough’s tough to define. It can be strength, resilience, inflexibility, coarseness. It can be arduous and unpalatable and brutal. There’s the difference in perception between a tough man and a tough woman. Digging a hole is tough. Grieving is tough. Tough is physical, spiritual, emotional. You can have all that covered, none of it at all, or one or two of three. Toughness is not relative to size, age or capacity. Toughness is sometimes what others see that we don’t feel within ourself. The elderly can be frail and tough; a baby incomplete, unborn and yet determined.

It’s elusive, this idea of toughness. Like hammering down a feather. Or handling something so hardened and thorny it’s too brittle and fragile to grasp.

The 13 million square kilometres of Siberia has the largest freshwater lake by volume in the world. Lake Baikal. It’s also the deepest at 1642 metres.


As we know, Australia is the driest continent on earth. Essentially seventy percent of it is just earth. The Australian outback extends an inhospitable hand to 5.6 million square kilometres.


Do we tour the rawness of the Aussie outback or the barbarous monotony of Siberia to unearth toughness or encounter enlightenment? Is it human conquering beauty and beast or soul finding space and time?

Australia and Siberia are the two largest, most mineral wealthy land masses on the planet. The first has 40 million years of supporting and opposing human life; the other 125 thousand years. Still no short straw there, despite a century of hard-pushing to see how long until we place the final one on our much disrespected natural world. As an aside, Australia has 350 operating mines and Siberia has 220. Prior to its rapidly changing landscape over the last two decades of melting permafrost at an unprecedented rate, there were 96.

The oil and gas industry is moving in.

A few more straws before our alarmingly short arrival at the last one, and commercial witness that Siberia isn’t as tough as it once was.

The Siberian tundra also entices hardy adventurers for off-the-beaten-track experiences of a lifetime. Sitting just below the Arctic ice cap, the coastal tundra along the Laptev Sea stretches across northeastern Russia. You might be lucky enough, or unlucky enough to come across a Siberian tiger. Or an insomniac bear – temperatures have been hovering around 4°C instead of the usual minus 2.3 and it’s stopped bears hibernating. You can hear the poor things moaning to each other about how it’s just too hot to sleep.

Tough when you can’t take your bearskin off.

So Siberia’s loosing its cool and so is Australia. It hotted up so well in the summer of 2019/20, 5.3 million hectares burned over 79 days and took the lives of three billion animals with it.

That’s more than tough. That’s savage tragedy.

You want tough? Forget touring the Siberian wilderness. Imagine arriving straight from the womb and surviving a temperature scopes of between minus 70°C and 35°C for the last 78 years. Living nowhere else, and for 35 of them knowing noone who wasn’t brother, sister or parent.

Now that is tough.

A Siberian family lives frugally off completely inhospitable land for almost eight decades and First Nation People thrived on it for 40000 millennia. Such is the dualism of toughness.

Tough to define tough; tough to decide the toughest terrain, rough to decide which tour.

Both Australia and Siberia are vast, remote, isolated and complex lands where environment is not your friend. And nor is technology.

Take a minute and imagine not being able to Google your way out of something.

Something very important.

The Australian outback has desert and semi-dry tropics, with extreme temperatures that can be between minus 7.5 and 95°C. It has both venomous, and man-eating pursuit reptiles, dingoes, deadly spiders and scorpions.

If you break down in the heat you’re dead meat. There is nowhere to hide, no shade no shelter.

Tourists need to drink 15 litres of water a day and without proper hydration can perish within hours. Once your body reaches 40°C you have 30 minutes to cool down to avoid vital organ malfunction and a lead-up to death.

The outback claims about 40 lives a year. Vast desert dunes soften, bogging and breaking vehicles; people get lost, vehicle accidents happen – often by unavoidably hitting wildlife.

There is strong digital marketing of the outback to city-dwelling Australians, and internationally. Always making it seem that travelling in the Australian outback is fundamentally a blokey pursuit, with a hot girlfriend sometimes involved. All the 4WD, camping and outback travel shows are aimed at men and presented by men. They all have high-end 4WDs and talk a lot about lifts, tyres, recovery gear, and all that shit. And really – that’s what it is, a lot of talk ‘n shit. The safest 4WD tours travel in tag along groups. In the outback it won’t always be your gear that saves you and ingenuity always will. There is no reason for a flat tyre in the outback when you’re surrounded by spinifex.

Siberia is also a true wilderness. 18000sq kilometres of canyons, and strangely flat-topped mountains. Lakes and rivers, and thousands and thousands of tundra kilometres, unmapped.

Who knows which is the toughest of two places, 10000 kilometres apart, to tour?

Is experiencing unbelievably hot temperatures more rugged than toughing out extreme cold? Is it tougher to risk dying of thirst, or dicing with falling through ice? Which colours of the spectrum, which experiences of sound and fragrance drive you to override the possibility of not surviving?

The toughness comes not with where you go, but that you go.

For some people a tough tour is leaving their home every day. For some it’s taking a trip with family. Tough stuff exists for no other reason than for us to take the chance to learn something. About the world, about a place, and always about ourselves.

That is the toughest tour of all. Being in our personal Siberia. Crossing our personal desert.

Electricity Supply in Remote Areas: How To Maximise The Wattage

by Christine
Electricity Supply in Remote Areas: How To Maximise The Wattage
electrician at work, home renovation, electrical installation, Hand of an electrician

We live in a time of uncertain power supplies, here in Australia. This is due to the nation’s stubborn resistance to change and vested interests influencing conservative governments. Coal powered energy is outdated, and we should be embracing renewable energy sources, but there are still despicable politicians dancing to the tune of the coal mining industry. They run an outdated scare campaign about the risk of renewables and lazy thinking laps it up in regional areas. Electricity supply in remote areas: How to maximise the wattage remains a pertinent question because of this backward thinking in the bush.

Power Blackouts Have Been Prevalent in Regional Areas

Power blackouts have been prevalent in recent years due to the privatisation of power companies and their bad behaviour in relation to the grid. The politicians promised that privatisation would make energy bills cheaper, but the private sector did not deliver, focusing on their own profits instead. It has been a familiar story all over the globe, as the greed of the corporate sector eclipses any sort of social responsibility. However, you do not want your smoke alarm to be off, ever because house fires do not wait for anyone or anything. Electricity supply in remote areas: How to maximise the wattage is a case by case affair.

Families Rely on Steady Power in the Home

They say that a renovated bathroom with fancy lighting can use too much power but it all depends upon the electrical circuit board and the home’s set up. A good electrician can sort out most problems you may have at home or at your business premises. In this high-tech age, the last thing you want is dodgy power in the home. Families rely on steady power and plenty of plugs in every room in the house. Heaven forbid if your kids cannot connect to the internet or charge their devices in the 21C. You may well find yourself as a parent facing intervention from social services for being a neglectful carer in the home.

It reminds me of the time I took the kids on a holiday to a seaside village and we booked very basic accommodation. I will never live down the incessant complaints I received from my children not being able to access the power needed to run their numerous devices. We live in a time of technological innovation, which is dependent upon reliable and abundant power supplies. Australia needs to get its act together and put down dinosaurs like Tony Abbott and his ilk for ever more.



Regional Dentists & Infectious Diseases

by Christine
Regional Dentists & Infectious Diseases

The world has seen some pretty ugly days. Pandemics just happen to be on top of that list. Today, we are all battling Coronavirus as well as other viruses like HIV&AIDS. And so the majority of medical practitioners have had to put their personal lives aside to take care of people. A lot has changed, and a lot is yet to change still. But has this interfered in ways how doctors, particularly dentists, go about their businesses? Is there really a distinct difference between how coronavirus and AIDs cases are handled?

Well, the answer is an astounding yes.

Below is a detailed comparison as to how the two cases have changed in an emergency dentist crisis. So read on to find out how.
But before we get into that, let’s get this small bit out of the way:

Both diseases are deadly, no doubt about it. AIDs is a lifetime disease, while Coronavirus is a more short-term illness that can knock you off your feet in a matter of days. Today you might be up and healthy, tomorrow you have a mild cold that could escalate to you being admitted to the ICU. With that said, Coronavirus calls for a more careful approach as it is also transmitted through contact of a sick person or a surface they have touched. While AIDs could take years to make the switch from HIV.

Ask These Questions To Your Orthodontist Before Starting Any Dental Treatment

1.Preparation and use of equipment.

When dentists get aware of this, they take more care of the sterilization of the kits they use. The Coronavirus is a respiratory pathogen, while HIV is an immuno-attacking one. Both can be transmitted through body fluids, including saliva, which is inevitable to get into contact with in a dental session. To block both viruses from moving from one party to another, the equipment used MUST be cleaned and sterilised after each session. Moreso, the dentist, and their assistant being careful not to hold anything after a procedure without them being sterilised. As usual, syringes are used once per patient and disposed of while the reusable dental tools must be disinfected thoroughly. For this, the standard procedure is upheld.

2.Staff uniform
When you are dealing with an AIDs patient, the medical staff will be in the standard uniform as the virus cannot be airborne on any occasion. But when handling a known Coronavirus case, they must be in the full armour of protective gear- masks, gloves, suits, and any other piece of kit. But since you cannot know who is infected with Coronavirus, both parties should be at least wearing a face mask to protect themselves.

3.Personal responsibility
Lastly, both the patient and the medical officers have a significant role to play in both cases-AIDs and Coronavirus. Here, especially in a dental emergency the patient has to answer truthfully to any question asked by the dentist. Concerning AIDs, they must admit having the disease and in Coronavirus, at least telling of their travel history, if any. On Coronavirus, both parties should protect the other by having masks on, hand sanitisers, sneezing in the elbow, among others.

In as much as social distancing is a bit of a myth during a dental session, masks, gloves, and a protective suit can keep the coronavirus pathogens at bay.
To conclude, it is safe to say that both need caution. So much so, make sure you protect yourself so that you can protect others.

South African Agriculture

by Christine
South African Agriculture

South African agriculture mainly consists of grains, corn and sugarcane. They are also known producers of table grapes, wine and citrus. Their wine is slowly being recognised as exporters of wine along with sugar, nuts, apples and pears. Although agriculture is not really their strongest industry. They are mostly self-sufficient when it comes to food. But unlike most countries, South Africa manages to be a top exporter of agricultural products. They do not depend on importing what they need, at least not for food. 
Their primary crop is Maize, their most important produce. It is a staple food along with other food products like biltong, droewors and other South African goodies, they are slowly widening their agricultural reach. Agriculture is an integral sector in South Africa. It opens up opportunities for their rural areas and brings in much needed much needed income. 


South Africa’s largest agricultural sector, though, is livestock farming. Cattle ranching mostly. This is due to the lack of rain, among others that is why more farms are not yielding their usual number of crops and switching to livestock. Most profitable crops would be macadamia nuts followed by fruit trees and berries. Oyster mushrooms and lavender farming can be quite a fragrant choice. Although drought and unwise water use can alter this situation. South African agriculture can take a turn for the worse if this continues.
It’s a good thing that agriculture is not even among the top three industries of South Africa. In fact, South Africa’s best industry with a steady, dependable growth is in the Communications and Information Technology. This is closely followed by manufacturing, tourism and mining and somewhere there would be agriculture. South Africa is the second largest economy in Africa next to Nigeria with its tourism industry placing second in the fastest growing worldwide. Diamond mining is still one South Africa is well-known for. But not just diamonds but also gold, minerals and platinum. This country’s economy although it can slow down a little will not totally halt even with their agriculture shifting from one product to the other. They just need an in depth study of which crops to rotate and they can bounce back.

The Power Of Children’s Health And Healing

by Christine

The power of children’s health and healing is very significant. It is never too early to teach children about health. Children’s health and teaching children about the power of health and healing that is in their hands is the beginning of their journey to wellness. As children they have limited knowledge of what is good or bad for their health. They naturally gravitate towards sweets and whatever gets advertised on the television. 

It is up to the parents and their equivalent, teachers and carers, to teach the health benefits to their children. Good food, proper hygiene and exercise are the basics for a healthy body. They are also the ones that teach appreciation for what is healthy for their little minds.. But sometimes the day is not quite so long to be able to do all that is required to make sure they have healthy meals, healthy environment.

Keeping the children healthy is of prime importance. They are the future and the way you keep them healthy and occupied. Let them help with meal choices and preparation. Start with breakfast. Whenever possible let them plan one meal a week. Teach them good food choices. Whole grains, fruits and vegetables. Cultivating a garden is a good way to introduce them to how to grow their own food. There is also benefits when gardening with children. The fresh air alone and the bonding with them is worth all the trouble. Start them with snap peas, tomatoes and chili, some basil, sunflowers and mint. These are easy plants to grow and will basically take care of themselves. 

Additionally, once they know that they planted and harvested these themselves, they would be more inclined to eat their fruits and vegetables. Encourage them to drink plenty of water and milk. Screen time should be regulated and absolutely no gadgets for ages 2 and below. Now the most fun and necessary requirement for a healthy child is activity. Be active! Children’s health depends on it. Develop hobbies, be active on sports, join Sydney excursions and incursions, team building activities, workshops and exercise that engage big and small muscle groups. 


A child’s future wellness starts with copying and doing what their guardians tell them to. This way we can guide the child in the proper path towards a healthier life.